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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Interval training may shed more pounds than continuous moderate intensity workout ... read more
February 14, 2019
Interval training may shed more pounds than a continuous moderate intensity workout, suggests a pooled analysis of the available evidence.

More protein and fewer calories help older people lose weight safely ... read more
February 14, 2019
A high-protein, low-calorie diet helps older adults with obesity lose more weight, maintain more muscle mass, improve bone quality and lose 'bad' fat, according to recent results.

Diet could help runners beat stomach issues ... read more
February 14, 2019
Research indicates that cutting out specific foods can alleviate the gastrointestinal issues some people experience when they exercise, with over two-thirds of people involved in a new study reporting an improvement.

Diet drinks may be associated with strokes among post-menopausal women ... read more
February 14, 2019
In a large observational study, women who reported drinking more than one diet soda or other artificially sweetened drink a day had a higher risk of strokes caused by a blood clot. The association between diet drinks and stroke risk was stronger in obese women and in African-American women.

Diets consisting of fewer calories improve cell performance ... read more
February 12, 2019
Animal experiments have shown that caloric restriction causes cellular changes that can prevent diseases.

Accelerated risk of mobility loss for people aged 60+ tied to excess weight/inactivity ... read more
February 12, 2019
The combination of excess weight/obesity and an inactive lifestyle represents a powerful joint risk factor for developing mobility loss after age 60, according to a new study.

Protein released from fat after exercise improves glucose ... read more
February 11, 2019
Exercise training causes dramatic changes to fat. Additionally, this 'trained' fat releases beneficial factors into the bloodstream.

Excessive weight gain in early childhood affects teenage heart health ... read more
February 6, 2019
Excessive weight gain in children under two years can lead to cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in teenage years including increased cholesterol, being overweight and having fat around the middle, finds new research.

Weight loss surgery changes the way our bodies sense food ... read more
February 5, 2019
How bariatric surgery helps people with obesity and diabetes is related to changes in the way the gut senses food and nutrients after the operation, researchers report. They found that following surgery, altered patterns of digestion and absorption lower in the gut trigger production of higher levels of gut hormones, especially glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), which in turn causes higher insulin production.

Flaxseed fiber ferments in gut to improve health, reduce obesity ... read more
February 5, 2019
Research in mice suggests that fermentation of flaxseed fibers in the gut changes the microbiota to improve metabolic health and protect against diet-induced obesity.

Healthy diet can ease symptoms of depression ... read more
February 5, 2019
An analysis of data from almost 46,000 people has found that weight loss, nutrient boosting and fat reduction diets can all reduce the symptoms of depression.

New wisdom about high cholesterol treatment for adults aged 80 and older ... read more
February 4, 2019
A team of researchers decided to learn more about whether current triglyceride-level guidelines make sense for people aged 80 and older.

Obesity-related cancers rising in young adults in the US ... read more
February 4, 2019
A new study finds rates are increasing for six of 12 cancers related to obesity in younger adults in the United States, with steeper increases in progressively younger ages and successively younger generations.

Quality of overall diet is key to lowering type 2 diabetes risk ... read more
February 4, 2019
New research shows that a high-quality diet defined by low intake of animal foods such as red meat, and high intake of plant foods such as vegetables, fruits and whole grains, and reduced intake of sweetened beverages could be associated with reduced risk of diabetes.

Study links protein, clusterin, to cardiac and metabolic diseases ... read more
February 4, 2019
During a study spanning nearly a decade, researchers have linked the protein clusterin -- for the first time -- to many different facets of cardiometabolic syndrome risk through its actions in the liver. Cardiometabolic syndrome (CMS) is a cluster of conditions occurring together that increase a person's risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

The dangers of hidden fat: Exercise is your best defense against deep abdominal fat ... read more
February 1, 2019
Researchers analyzed two types of interventions -- lifestyle modification (exercise) and pharmacological (medicine) -- to learn how best to defeat fat lying deep in the belly.

Identity crisis of satiety neurons leads to obesity ... read more
January 31, 2019
Obesity -- as research in the past decade has shown -- is first and foremost a brain disease. Researchers have discovered a molecular switch that controls the function of satiety neurons and therefore body weight.

Children exposed to air pollution at school may be at greater risk of overweight and obesity ... read more
January 31, 2019
Exposure to air pollution, particularly at school, could be associated with a higher risk of overweight and obesity during childhood.

Americans concerned about weight, but don't understand link to heart conditions, health ... read more
January 31, 2019
A new survey finds that while most Americans (88 percent) understand that there is a connection between a healthy heart and a healthy weight, most aren't doing enough -- or anything -- to combat their own weight issues. The survey found 65 percent are worried about getting heart disease due to extra pounds, yet less than half (43 percent) of Americans have tried to make dietary changes to lose weight.

Some gut cells slow down metabolism, accelerate cardiovascular disease ... read more
January 30, 2019
Researchers have discovered how specific cells in the guts of mice slow down metabolism and eventually contribute to obesity, diabetes, hypertension and atherosclerosis. The findings, scientists say, could have important implications for the prevention and treatment of these kinds of metabolic diseases in humans.

Calorie restriction prevents asthma symptoms linked to inflammation in mice ... read more
January 30, 2019
Experimenting with mice, researchers report that a low-calorie diet prevented asthma symptoms regardless of the diet's fat and sugar content. The researchers also say they found that obesity resulting from a high-calorie diet led to asthma symptoms in the animals by causing lung inflammation, and a drug that blocks inflammation eased those symptoms.

Want healthier eating habits? Start with a workout ... read more
January 30, 2019
Researchers have found that formerly sedentary young adults who were instructed to exercise regularly for several weeks started choosing healthier foods without being asked to.

Drug shows promise to treat diet-induced osteoarthritis ... read more
January 30, 2019
Scientists have found that a drug derived from omega-3 fatty acids can reduce osteoarthritis inflammation that's been caused by a high-fat diet.

Oversized meals have been shown to be a factor in obesity ... read more
January 29, 2019
A study conducted in Brazil, China, Finland, Ghana, India and the United States found 94 percent of meals served in restaurants contain more than the recommended number of calories.

Faster weight loss no better than slow weight loss for health benefits ... read more
January 29, 2019
Losing weight slowly or quickly won't tip the scale in your favor when it comes to overall health, according to new research. Health researchers found that people who lose weight quickly versus those who lose it slowly don't get any additional health benefits and it's the amount of weight lost overall that can have an impact.

Bad cholesterol: 'Slim down' fat-carrying particles to reduce its spread ... read more
January 28, 2019
The enzyme that 'loads up' fat-carrying particles in the liver before they are transported around the body has been identified for the first time.

Slim people have a genetic advantage when it comes to maintaining their weight ... read more
January 24, 2019
In the largest study of its kind to date, researchers have looked at why some people manage to stay thin while others gain weight easily. They have found that the genetic dice are loaded in favor of thin people and against those at the obese end of the spectrum.

Lower-carbon diets aren't just good for the planet, they're also healthier ... read more
January 24, 2019
Researchers have examined the carbon footprint of daily diets from a survey of more than 16,000 Americans. They found that the most climate-friendly diets were also the healthiest.

Those with inadequate access to food likely to suffer from obesity ... read more
January 23, 2019
Researchers have assessed the link between food-related hardships and obesity. Using a national sample of adults across the United States, the researchers learned that individuals who are food insecure are at an increased risk of obesity. Study results also showed that the individuals who live in food deserts are at an elevated risk for obesity.

Diet low in added sugars significantly improves fatty liver disease in children ... read more
January 22, 2019
A randomized clinical study of adolescent boys with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) found that a diet low in free sugars (those sugars added to foods and beverages and occurring naturally in fruit juices) resulted in significant improvement in NAFLD compared to a usual diet.

Salad, soda and socioeconomic status: Mapping a social determinant of health in Seattle ... read more
January 17, 2019
Seattle residents who live in waterfront neighborhoods tend to have healthier diets compared to those who live along Interstate-5 and Aurora Avenue, according to new research on social disparities. The study used local data to model food consumption patterns by city block. Weekly servings of salad and soda served as proxies for diet quality.

Blocking hormone uptake burns more fat ... read more
January 17, 2019
A newly discovered regulatory mechanism helps the body control the rate of fat metabolism, according to a new study. The finding may lead to new drugs to help burn stored fat and reduce weight.

Gastric bypass surgery may benefit muscle strength more than previously thought ... read more
January 16, 2019
Gastric bypass surgery improves relative muscle strength and physical performance in people with obesity, according to a new study.

Personality type could shape attitudes toward body weight of others, researchers say ... read more
January 15, 2019
Researchers found that personality traits have significant bearing on a person's attitudes toward obesity, their implicit theories of weight and their willingness to engage in derisive fat talk or weight discrimination.

Health effects of metabolic 'magic bullet' protein ... read more
January 15, 2019
Researchers have developed a new system that lets them study in more detail than ever exactly how, where and when the metabolic protein AMPK carries out its molecular and therapeutic functions.

Epigenetic change causes fruit fly babies to inherit diet-induced heart disease ... read more
January 15, 2019
Scientists have identified an epigenetic marker and two genes that caused heart failure in the children and grandchildren of fruit flies with high-fat-diet-induced heart dysfunction. Reversing the epigenetic modification or over-expressing the two genes protected subsequent generations from the negative heart effects of their parents' diet.

Memory of last meal influences when, how much rats eat next ... read more
January 14, 2019
Researchers have identified cells in the brains of male rats that appear to control future food intake by preserving memories of past meals. The study lends support to the idea of boosting meal memories as a strategy for managing overeating.

When the body's in overdrive, this liver hormone puts the brakes on metabolism ... read more
January 14, 2019
Researchers have identified a hormone produced by the liver that tells the body to downshift its metabolism when it's expending a lot of energy.

VAT fat may cause pathogenic obesity ... read more
January 11, 2019
VAT, Visceral Adipose Tissue, a kind of fat that accumulates around the abdominal organs, has an important immune function. The body may choose to turn excess fat into FAT not SAT, subcutaneous fat when a fetus is not well nourished and is likely to face disease.

High intake of dietary fiber and whole grains associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases ... read more
January 10, 2019
Observational studies and clinical trials conducted over nearly 40 years reveal the health benefits of eating at least 25g to 29g or more of dietary fiber a day, according to a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

Excessive body fat around the middle linked to smaller brain size, study finds ... read more
January 9, 2019
Carrying extra body fat, especially around the middle, may be linked to brain shrinkage, according to new research. For the study, researchers determined obesity by measuring body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio in study participants and found those with higher ratios of both measures had the lowest brain volume.

Maternal stress leads to overweight in children ... read more
January 9, 2019
Researchers were able to identify mother's perceived stress during the first year of the child's life as a risk factor for developing overweight in infancy. Researchers found this to have long-lasting effects on girls' weight development in particular.

Lack of standard dosage for blood thinners can lead to bleeding during bariatric surgery ... read more
January 9, 2019
Researchers have found a way to reduce bleeding in patients following bariatric surgery.

Maternal programming during pregnancy induces long-term postpartum obesity ... read more
January 8, 2019
In a new study using a mouse model, researchers suggest that long-term postpartum weight gain may be due not so much to retained fat as to reprogramming of maternal energy metabolism.

Intermittent fasting could improve obese women's health ... read more
January 8, 2019
Research shows that obese women lost more weight and improved their health by fasting intermittently while following a strictly controlled diet.

Ketogenic supplements delay tonic-clonic seizures without dietary restrictions ... read more
January 8, 2019
Researchers have discovered supplementing a normal, carbohydrate-rich diet with specific ketogenic agents may significantly delay tonic-clonic seizures caused by exposure to high levels of oxygen.

High-fat diets appear bad for blood pressure in younger males and females ... read more
January 8, 2019
There's more evidence that a high-fat diet is bad for both younger males and females, but exactly how it's harmful may differ between the sexes, scientists report.

Exposure to sugary breakfast cereal advertising directly influences children's diets ... read more
January 7, 2019
Laboratory studies have shown that kids will request and prefer brands they have seen recently advertised on TV. A new naturalistic study bridges the gap between lab studies and a real world setting, demonstrating that kids who were exposed to TV ads for high-sugar cereals aired during the programs they watched were more likely to subsequently eat the brands of cereals they had seen advertised.

Balanced diet, exercise may not prevent gestational diabetes ... read more
January 7, 2019
A new study is the latest evidence that the 'first-line' strategy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus isn't working. Over the past five years, more than 5,000 pregnant women took part in clinical trials focused on limiting weight gain in order to prevent gestational diabetes. The moms-to-be improved their diet quality, ate less, and increased their physical activity. They also developed gestational diabetes at about the same rates as the women who didn't change their diet or activity levels.

Fruit flies help to shed light on the evolution of metabolism ... read more
January 3, 2019
Researchers have discovered that the ability to use sugar as food varies strongly between closely related fruit fly species. They have also identified the genetic basis of this variation. In the future, it will be interesting to explore whether human populations with different dietary histories may respond differently to modern diets rich in sugars.

Metabolic syndrome patients need more vitamin C to break cycle of antioxidant depletion ... read more
January 2, 2019
A higher intake of vitamin C is crucial for metabolic syndrome patients trying to halt a potentially deadly cycle of antioxidant disruption and health-related problems, a researcher says.

Proportion of cancers associated with excess body weight varies considerably by state ... read more
December 28, 2018
A new study finds an at least 1.5-fold difference in the share of cancers related to obesity between states with the highest and lowest proportions.

How exercise reduces belly fat in humans ... read more
December 27, 2018
Some of you may have made a New Year's resolution to hit the gym to tackle that annoying belly fat. But have you ever wondered how physical activity produces this desired effect? A signaling molecule called interleukin-6 plays a critical role in this process, researchers report.

How skin ages, loses fat and immunity ... read more
December 26, 2018
Some dermal fibroblasts can convert into fat cells that reside under the dermis, giving skin a youthful look and producing peptides that fight infections. Researchers show how this happens and what causes it to stop as people age.

Impact of diet intervention on autoimmunity in mice ... read more
December 20, 2018
Could a change in diet be beneficial to people with autoimmune diseases such as lupus? Researchers have revealed how a dietary intervention can help prevent the development of this autoimmune disease in susceptible mice.

Giving birth associated with 14 percent higher risk of heart disease and stroke ... read more
December 20, 2018
Giving birth is associated with a 14 percent higher risk of heart disease and stroke compared to having no children, reports a new study.

Higher radiation dose needed to X-ray obese patients increases cancer risk ... read more
December 20, 2018
Extremely obese people are needing a far higher dose of radiation during x-ray examinations than people of normal weight, increasing their risk of cancer, new research has shown.

Twofold overweight risk for five-year-olds given milk cereal drinks in infancy ... read more
December 19, 2018
In five-year-old children, the risk for overweight is almost twice as high if they at 12 months had consumed milk cereal drinks every day, a study in the journal Acta Paediatrica shows.

Birthweight and early pregnancy body mass index may risk pregnancy complications ... read more
December 19, 2018
Women who were born with a low birthweight are at increased risk of pregnancy complications, according to a new study.

Food insecurity linked with binge-eating disorder and obesity ... read more
December 19, 2018
Food insecurity -- difficulty affording enough food to support regular, balanced meals -- was associated with increased likelihoods of binge-eating disorder and obesity in a recent study.


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