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Childhood Obesity
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Obesity news courtesy of Science Daily News

Genetic variants that protect against obesity could aid new weight loss medicines ... read more
April 18, 2019
Around four million people in the UK carry genetic variants that protect them from obesity, type 2 diabetes and heart disease, suggests new research. The team say the discovery could lead to the development of new drugs that help people lose weight.

Achieving sugar reduction targets could cut child obesity and healthcare costs ... read more
April 17, 2019
Reducing the sugar content of certain foods by 2020, in line with UK government policy targets, could cut child obesity and related illness, and save the NHS in England £286 million over 10 years, suggests a new study.

Cognitive functioning does not predict weight-loss outcome for adolescents ... read more
April 15, 2019
Young people with cognitive impairments and developmental disabilities, including Down syndrome, have similar weight-loss trajectories to those with typical cognitive function after bariatric surgery, according to a new study.

Growth hormone acts to prevent weight loss ... read more
April 14, 2019
A new study shows that, like leptin, growth hormone contributes directly to energy conservation when the body loses weight.

DNA methylation levels linked to obesity ... read more
April 12, 2019
A multidisciplinary study has linked DNA methylation levels to the development of the metabolic disease associated with obesity. A multidisciplinary work that has been carried out by biologists, surgeons and endocrinologists and conducted in patients with metabolic risk factors such as high levels of glucose (hyperglycemia), triglycerides (hypertriglyceridemia), blood pressure (hypertension), abdominal obesity and low levels of good cholesterol (HDL).

SRC-1 gene variants linked to human obesity ... read more
April 12, 2019
Researchers have discovered how the gene SRC-1 affects body weight control.

Body mass index may play a significant role in the progression of multiple sclerosis ... read more
April 11, 2019
A new article identifies a link between high levels of blood lipids and worsening of disease in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients who are overweight or obese.

Eggs for breakfast benefits those with diabetes ... read more
April 11, 2019
While some cereals may be the breakfast of champions, a professor suggests people with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) should be reaching for something else. New research shows that a high-fat, low-carb breakfast (LCBF) can help those with T2D control blood sugar levels throughout the day.

Breast milk analyses show new opportunities for reducing risk of childhood obesity ... read more
April 10, 2019
The composition of breast milk in normal weight mothers differs from that of overweight mothers, and variations in small molecule metabolites found in breast milk are possible risk factors for childhood obesity.

A new molecule to fight type 2 diabetes and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease ... read more
April 10, 2019
A new molecule -EPB-53-, could help fight type 2 diabetes and the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. According to a new study, the EPB-53 molecule increases levels of the FGF21 hormone, a biological factor playing a determining role in the control of diabetes and obesity.

New study explains why drinking alcohol causes the munchies ... read more
April 8, 2019
New research in mice suggests that a shared circuit in the brain could be one reason why heavy drinking and high-fat 'junk food' cravings go hand in hand.

Exercise during pregnancy protects offspring from obesity ... read more
April 7, 2019
A new study found that offspring born to mice that exercised during pregnancy were less likely to gain weight after consuming a high-fat diet later in life. Although previous studies have shown that exercise by obese females benefits their offspring, this is the first research to demonstrate that the same is true when non-obese females exercise.

Health claims on packaging for many foods marketed to UK kids are 'confusing' ... read more
April 4, 2019
The health claims made on the product packaging for a large proportion of foods marketed to children in the UK are 'confusing,' and could be contributing to rising rates of childhood obesity.

Analysis identifies patients most at risk for weight regain after bariatric surgery ... read more
April 4, 2019
In the years following bariatric surgery, a person's overall eating behaviors and the amount of time spent watching television, playing video games and using a computer for recreation are a better indication of long-term weight loss success than specific weight control practices like counting calories. Also, despite the thorough psychological evaluation often required in preparation for bariatric surgery, mental health and eating habits prior to surgery were not useful in predicting which patients would struggle most with keeping the weight off after surgery.

People with obesity often 'dehumanized,' study finds ... read more
April 3, 2019
New research has found that people with obesity are not only stigmatized, but are blatantly dehumanized.

Anti-inflammatory plant-based diet helps reduce gingivitis ... read more
April 3, 2019
A plant-based whole food diet reduced gingivitis in a recent randomized trial.

Defining obesity in children should be based on health issues, not just BMI ... read more
April 2, 2019
A new study aims to identify what influences the success participants achieve in weight management programs and help improve these programs. The study follows participants for three years.

Shift work increases diabetes and heart disease risk ... read more
April 2, 2019
Many studies have shown that shift work is associated with heart and metabolic diseases, but new research has clarified how shift work can have a long-term effect on the risk of heart disease and diabetes.

Digital device overload linked to obesity risk ... read more
April 2, 2019
If your attention gets diverted in different directions by smartphones and other digital devices, take note: Media multitasking has now been linked to obesity.

Bariatric embolization shows promise in treatment of obesity ... read more
April 2, 2019
Bariatric embolization, a new, minimally invasive treatment for obesity produces weight loss and reduces appetite for up to one year, according to a new study.

Depression, obesity, chronic pain could be treated by targeting the same key protein ... read more
April 1, 2019
Major depression, obesity and chronic pain are all linked to the effects of one protein, called FKBP51. Researchers have now developed a highly selective compound that can effectively block FKBP51 in mice, relieving chronic pain and having positive effects on diet-induced obesity and mood. The new compound also could have applications in alcoholism and brain cancer.

Exercise is more critical than diet to maintain weight loss ... read more
March 29, 2019
The study showed successful weight-loss maintainers rely on physical activity to remain in energy balance (rather than chronic restriction of dietary intake) to avoid weight regain. Successful weight-loss maintainers are individuals who maintain a reduced body weight of 30 pounds or more for over a year. The study, published in the March issue of Obesity, was selected as the Editor's Choice article.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids may play opposite roles in childhood asthma ... read more
March 29, 2019
Dietary intake of two fatty acids, omega-3 and omega-6, may have opposite effects on the severity of asthma in children and may also play opposite roles in modifying their response to indoor air pollution, according to new research.

Gene transfer improves diabetes-linked heart ailment ... read more
March 27, 2019
Researchers have shown that a gene transfer technique can combat heart dysfunction caused by diabetes.

On the keto diet? Ditch the cheat day ... read more
March 27, 2019
The often embraced 'cheat day' is a common theme in many diets and the popular ketogenic diet is no exception. But new research says that just one 75-gram dose of glucose -- the equivalent a large bottle of soda or a plate of fries -- while on a high fat, low carbohydrate diet can lead to damaged blood vessels.

Testosterone can help men with hypogonadism lose weight, keep it off ... read more
March 25, 2019
Long-term testosterone therapy can help men with hypogonadism lose weight and maintain their weight loss, researchers report.

Removal of 'zombie cells' alleviates causes of diabetes in obese mice ... read more
March 25, 2019
Researchers have shown that when senescent cells -- also known as 'zombie cells' -- are removed from fat tissue in obese mice, severity of diabetes and a range of its causes or consequences decline or disappear.

Obesity speeds up the start of puberty in boys ... read more
March 25, 2019
Girls are not the only ones who go through puberty early if they have obesity. Boys with obesity enter puberty at an earlier age than average, according to a new study.

Investigational obesity drug, oxytocin, weakens brain's reward signals for food ... read more
March 25, 2019
The hormone oxytocin reduces the communication between different brain areas involved in the cognitive, sensory and emotional processing of food cues that people with obesity demonstrate when they look at high-calorie foods.

Adipose hormone may play role in obesity-related asthma ... read more
March 25, 2019
New research suggests a hormone released from fat tissue is critical in the development of obesity-related asthma and may be a target of future treatments for the disease.

Exposure to HIV virus, treatment before birth linked to obesity later in life ... read more
March 25, 2019
Teens and young adults who were exposed to HIV and antiretroviral therapy before birth but are HIV-negative themselves are at increased risk of obesity and asthma-like symptoms.

Chemicals in household dust may promote fat cell development ... read more
March 25, 2019
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals present in household dust promote the development of fat cells in a cell model and could contribute to increased growth in children relative to their age.

For migraine sufferers with obesity, losing weight can decrease headaches ... read more
March 23, 2019
For migraine sufferers with obesity, losing weight can decrease headaches and improve quality of life, researchers report.

Eating later in the day may be associated with obesity ... read more
March 23, 2019
Eating later in the day may contribute to weight gain, according to a new study.

Obese mouse mothers trigger heart problems in offspring ... read more
March 22, 2019
Mitochondria manufacture energy in every cell of the body, including heart muscle cells. A new study shows that cardiac mitochondria are abnormal in the offspring of mouse mothers that become obese due to a high-fat, high sugar diet. Those offspring then pass on the mitochondrial defects at least two more generations.

Generic weight-loss drug may be safe and effective for long-term treatment ... read more
March 22, 2019
An inexpensive weight-loss drug approved 60 years ago for only short-term use also may be safe and effective for longer-term treatment, according to a new study.

Study links perimenopause to accelerated fat mass gains, lean mass losses ... read more
March 21, 2019
A new study confirms what women approaching menopause have long suspected: menopause does make fat go up. The study finds that women undergoing perimenopause lost lean body mass and more than doubled their fat mass. The research demonstrates that body mass index (BMI) is a very important clinical tool for predicting health events, such as getting diabetes or having cardiovascular disease -- but is a less useful gauge of cardio-metabolic risk in older women.

BMI, but not age at puberty, tied to risk of multiple sclerosis ... read more
March 20, 2019
Some studies have suggested that people who are younger when they enter puberty are more likely to later develop multiple sclerosis (MS). But a new study attributes that link to body mass index (BMI).

Sleep problems during pregnancy affect glucose, may increase risk of childhood obesity ... read more
March 19, 2019
The study found that mild sleep apnea changed sugar levels during pregnancy and was connected to infant growth patterns related to increased risk of obesity.

Healthy fats improve nerve function in obese mice ... read more
March 18, 2019
Swapping dietary saturated fats for monounsaturated fats reverses nerve damage and restores nerve function in male mice, finds new preclinical research. These data support further investigation of diets rich in healthy fats as a potential treatment for the nerve damage that occurs with diabetes, known as diabetic neuropathy.

Green tea cuts obesity, health risks in mice ... read more
March 14, 2019
Green tea cut obesity and a number of inflammatory biomarkers linked with poor health in a new study.

Free fatty acids appear to rewire cells to promote obesity-related breast cancer ... read more
March 13, 2019
Free fatty acids in the blood are linked with higher rates of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer in obese postmenopausal women, according to a new study.

Mediterranean diet boosts endurance exercise within days, study finds ... read more
March 6, 2019
Researchers have found that eating a Mediterranean diet can improve athletes' endurance exercise performance after just four days.

Scientists identify genetic factors that may cause some people to become obese ... read more
March 6, 2019
New research on leptin, a hormone that regulates appetite, reveals a previously unknown mechanism that may be responsible for at least 10 percent of obesity cases. The findings could help identify individuals with treatable forms of the condition.

Daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression ... read more
March 6, 2019
The largest randomized clinical trial to study the effects of nutritional strategies on the prevention of major depressive disorder concludes that daily intake of nutritional supplements cannot prevent depression.

Low-carb diet tied to common heart rhythm disorder ... read more
March 6, 2019
Low-carb diets are all the rage, but can cutting carbohydrates spell trouble for your heart? People getting a low proportion of their daily calories from carbohydrates such as grains, fruits and starchy vegetables are significantly more likely to develop atrial fibrillation (AFib), the most common heart rhythm disorder, according to a new study.

Soda, sugar-sweetened beverages linked to more severe symptoms for people with multiple sclerosis ... read more
March 5, 2019
For people with multiple sclerosis (MS), drinking around 290 calories per day of soda or other sugar-sweetened beverages, or the equivalent of about two cans of non-diet soda, may be tied to more severe symptoms and a higher level of disability compared to people with MS who seldom consume sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a preliminary study.

Integrated therapy treating obesity and depression is effective ... read more
March 5, 2019
An intervention combining behavioral weight loss treatment and problem-solving therapy with as-needed antidepressant medication for participants with co-occurring obesity and depression improved weight loss and depressive symptoms compared with routine physician care.

How celastrol sensitizes brains to leptin, curbing hunger and obesity ... read more
March 4, 2019
Celastrol's potent anti-obesity effects were widely reported in 2015. Derived from the roots of the thunder god vine, the drug curbed food intake in obese mice by nearly 80 percent, producing up to a 45 percent weight loss.

High-fat diet and age alter microflora and cause inflammation in heart failure ... read more
March 1, 2019
Growing older and a high-fat diet enriched with omega 6 fatty acids are major contributors to health risks ranging from diabetes to heart failure. How these factors regulate the immune response is now described -- a calorie-dense, obesity-generating diet in aging mice disrupts the composition of the gut microbiome. This correlates with development of a system-wide nonresolving inflammation in acute heart failure, with a notable disruption of the immune cell profile, primarily the neutrophil-leukocyte ratio.

Lipid-filled particle may work with immune system to keep fat healthy ... read more
February 28, 2019
Researchers have discovered a new particle in fat that works with the immune system to rejuvenate fat.

Tracking food leads to losing pounds ... read more
February 28, 2019
Without following a particular diet, overweight people who tracked daily food consumption using a free smartphone app lost a significant amount of weight in a new study. The results were achieved using automated, free tools, rather than expensive in-person interventions, suggesting a possible low-cost route to effective weight loss.

Cellular alterations increase vulnerability of obese and diabetic individuals to infection ... read more
February 26, 2019
A study identifies changes to neutrophils that appear to explain why people suffering from obesity and type 2 diabetes are more likely to contract infectious diseases.

Is the most effective weight-loss strategy really that hard? ... read more
February 25, 2019
Dietary self-monitoring is the best predictor of weight-loss success. But the practice is viewed as so unpleasant and time-consuming, many would-be weight-losers won't adopt it. New research shows for the first time how little time it actually takes: 14.6 minutes per day on average. The frequency of monitoring, not the time spent on the process, was the key factor for those in the study who successfully lost weight.

Fat cells work different 'shifts' throughout the day ... read more
February 25, 2019
Fat cells in the human body have their own internal clocks and exhibit circadian rhythms affecting critical metabolic functions, new research finds.

Scientists uncover how high-fat diet drives colorectal cancer growth ... read more
February 21, 2019
A new study suggests that high-fat diets fuel colorectal cancer growth by upsetting the balance of bile acids in the intestine and triggering a hormonal signal that lets potentially cancerous cells thrive. The findings could explain why colorectal cancer, which can take decades to develop, is being seen in younger people growing up at a time when higher-fat diets are common.

American women have better control of high blood pressure but are more obese than men ... read more
February 19, 2019
A study of more than 30,000 Americans since 2001 has revealed significant differences in management of heart disease risk between women and men.

DNA variants significantly influence body fat distribution ... read more
February 18, 2019
Researchers have identified multiple genetic variants associated with how the body regulates and distributes body-fat tissue. The new findings broaden the understanding of how genes can predispose certain individuals to obesity.

The Lypla1 gene impacts obesity in a sex-specific manner ... read more
February 15, 2019
Susceptibility to obesity, insulin resistance and other cardio-metabolic traits may also be dependent on a person's sex. An international research team studied sex differences and sex-specific interaction with the genetic background in cardio-metabolic phenotypes. The researchers discovered, among other things, a sex-specific obesity locus of the Lypla1 gene, which is associated with human obesity.

Interval training may shed more pounds than continuous moderate intensity workout ... read more
February 14, 2019
Interval training may shed more pounds than a continuous moderate intensity workout, suggests a pooled analysis of the available evidence.

 


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